Thursday, October 27, 2005

my homework
Wisconsin Constitution

update: an annotated version (pdf)
Oh, it's not a very good annotation - it is mostly annotating federal cases rather than state constitutional cases, still some good stuff.
For the state sesquicentennial, we present a hypertext version of the Wisconsin Constitution of 1848 as amended through 1998:


Article I. Declaration of Rights

Article II. Boundaries

Article III. Suffrage

Article IV. Legislative

Article V. Executive

Article VI. Administrative

Article VII. Judiciary

Article VIII. Finance

Article IX. Eminent Domain and Property of the State

Article X. Education

Article XI. Corporations

Article XII. Amendments

Article XIII. Miscellaneous Provisions

Article XIV. Schedule

Wisconsin Constitution


SECTION 1. [Equality; inherent rights.] All people are born equally free and independent, and have certain inherent rights; among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; to secure these rights, governments are instituted, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.

SECTION 2. [Slavery prohibited.] There shall be neither slavery, nor involutary servitude in this state, otherwise than for the punishment of crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.

SECTION 3. [Free speech; libel.] Every person may freely speak, write and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that right, and no laws shall be passed to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech or of the press. In all criminal prosecutions or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence, and if it appears to the jury that the matter charged as libelous be true, and was published with good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be acquited; and the jury shall have the right to determine the law and fact.

SECTION 4. [Right to assemble and petition.] The right of the people peaceably to assemble, to consult for the common good, and to petition the government, or any department thereof, shall never be abridged.

SECTION 5. [Trial by jury; verdict in civil cases.] The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate, and shall extend to all cases at law without regard to the amount in controversy; but a jury trial may be waived by the parties in all cases in the manner prescribed by law. Provided, however, that the legislature may, from time to time, by statute provide that a valid verdict, in civil cases, may be based on the votes of a specified number of the jury, not less than five-sixths thereof.

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